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A Waste to energy (WTE) plant of NTPC has achieved its full generation capacity in Uttar Pradesh. The WTE plant is located in Karsada in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh. The plant uses thermal gasification technology and processes 24 tonnes of waste per day. The project is in line with the government’s Swachh Bharat Mission, promoting a healthy environment through proper waste utilisation.
Varanasi Municipal Corporation will provide the municipal solid waste for generating electricity. This will ensure the scientific disposal of waste through a sustainable and environmentally friendly process. The compost created as a by-product is also sold as organic fertilisers to the farmers.
NTPC has already signed a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with Purvanchal Vidyut Vitaran Nigam Limited (PuVVNL) of UP for evacuation of electric power generated at this WTE plant.
Challenges with the WTE Plant
WTE plants in India have not shown much progress in comparison to solar or wind energy. The risk is higher and so is the cost of generation from a WTE plant. DISCOMS may back out from buying energy from these plants. Over the top of it is the fuel linkage where the role of waste management comes in.
Not all waste that India generates can be used in these plants. India lacks a holistic policy on waste management. The segregation of waste at source is important so that only the relevant wastes reach these plants.
Way Forward for WTE sector
The WTE sector calls for engaging the stakeholders to make it work. Waste management policy to direct every municipal corporation to segregate and supply the waste to these plants for their seamless operation is highly imperative.